Mushrooms are healthy addition to your diet, they are low in calories and fat but high in fibre, potassium, filled with vitamins and nutrients. Mushrooms are liked by many, but no body thought of doing it at home. Gardening Mushroom can be interesting attempt, they are best grown where the indoor temperature and light condition is readily managed.
Decide type of Mushroom:
Before proceeding to any further steps, you need to decide what type of Mushroom you want to grow. There are 3 types of Mushroom that are easier to grow are:
- Oyster: they grow best in straw
- White button: they grow best in composted manner
- Shitake: they grow best in hardwood sawdust
Select the type of Mushroom to grow according to your choice and type of taste.
You can purchase mushroom spawn from some gardening supply stores or several online retailers.
Make sure to buy spawn rather than spores because growing mushrooms from spores takes more time and practice, and is best suited for a seasoned mushroom grower.
Where to Grow?
Mushrooms prefer dark, moist, cool, and humid growing environments. If doing it in house, a basement is often ideal, but a spot under your sink could be managed too. Plan the location by checking the temperature between 55 and 60 degrees F, away from direct heat, during and drafts Mushrooms can survive in some light, but the spot you choose should be relatively dark or in low light.
How To Grow?
You can buy a direct mushroom kits packed with a growing medium that’s inoculated with mushroom spawn.
Buying a kit could prove best for the beginners so that you can gain knowledge slowly
If you start without a kit, better to start with Button Mushroom, they are the most easiest type to grow.
- Use 14×16-inch trays about 6 inches deep that resemble seed flats.
- Now, fill the trays with the mushroom compost (plant fertilizer) material and inoculate with spawn.
- Heat the soil with heating pad to raise the soil temperature to about 70 degrees F for about three weeks or until you see the mycelium – the tiny, threadlike roots.
- Once you see the mycelium, drop the temperature to 55 to 60 degrees F.
- Take a potting soil and cover the spawn with about an inch.
- Remember to keep the soil moist by spritizing the water and covering it with a damp cloth, that you can spritize with water every time it dries.
- Expect Button Mushrooms to grow in 3-4 weeks
- Harvest button mushroom when you see caps open and the stalk can be cut with a sharp knife from the stem.
- Never pull them up, this can damage surrounding fungi that are still developing.
- Harvesting daily should result in a continuous crop for continues six months.