Causes and Treatment of Foot Pain
The well being of our feet can assure our well being in a long run. Our feet’s condition is affected by many disorders like arthritis, obesity, blood circulatory disorders, diabetes and many more. Thus, it is safe to say that our feet condition is linked to many disorders. Thus, it is very important on our part to make sure that our feet are taken care of.
Our feet and ankle are programmed to adapt to various physical surfaces. It is also made in such a way that it can be held rigid so that we can walk and stand normally and also help our legs absorb shock. Yet, many suffer from feet conditions because they overload their body mass which cannot be handled by the feet, thus, causing deformities or injuries.
The few things can cause foot and ankle problems:
Walking on hard and uneven surfaces.
Wearing footwear which have improper design or do not fit properly.
Excessive body mass caused by obesity and other eating disorders.
Inadequate rest after having an injury.
Ignoring issues regarding lower limbs, foot and ankle.
The following conditions are pretty much evitable due to the above mentioned reasons:
1. Ankle Sprain
Ankle Sprain happens when the ligament holding the feet, lower limb and ankle is damaged. Ankle Sprains, though common, are hard to heal and are extremely painful. Ignoring it can lead to weakened joints in a long run.
2. Heel Pain
If the Plantar Fascia, the extension of the Achilles Heel tendon, is stretched beyond a limit, it can cause inflammation. If ignores, it will lead to an abnormal growth of the heel bone.
3. Heel Spur
Heel Spur is the condition wherein there is an abnormal growth of the heel bone. The heel bone is the largest bone on the feet and it acts as a shock absorber. When the plantar fascia is pulled away from the heel area, calcium gets deposited causing a round bony protrusion to form. This forms the heel spur.
4. Achilles Tendonitis
Achilles Tendonitis refers to the inflammation of the Achilles tendon. Being the largest tendon located in the back of the leg, any pain caused to the Achilles tendon can be extremely excruciating and unbearable at times. If it is not treated in time, the tendon can become weak and worst, get ruptured.
5. Arch Pain
The pain caused in the middle of the foot (Technically known as Arch of the foot) is known as Arch Pain.
6. Flat Feet
About 70% of the total population suffers from flat feet due to excessive weight borne by the feet. Due to the heavy weight borne by the feet, the arch of the feet collapses causing flat feet in generally cases. This problem causes inflammation in many places on the lower limb (heel, ankle, calf, shin, etc) and severe discomfort. This leads to many other feet related problems.
- When you first begin to notice discomfort or pain in the area, you can treat yourself with rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE).
- Rest will allow the tissues to heal by preventing any further stress to the affected area. Crutches should be used if you have difficulty putting weight on the foot. Appropriate use of commercially available ankle and foot supports may provide rest, comfort, and support to the affected area.
- Ice should be applied no longer than 20 minutes. The ice may be put in a plastic bag or wrapped in a towel. Commercial ice packs are not recommended because they are usually too cold. If extreme discomfort occurs, icing should discontinue immediately.
- New shoes or the replacement of current shoe insoles
- Proper footwear fitting, including lacing and sock combinations to eliminate compression and friction issues
- Additional supports added to the shoes such as heel pads or cushions, arch supports, and various wedges to help maintain the foot in a proper position
- Wear proper footwear.
- Have a proper warm up and stretching activity before working out.
- Lose weight if you weigh more than normal.
- Use an orthotic brace for extra support.