An ingrown nail is a medical condition, typically a painful condition during which the nail grows so it cuts into one or each side of the paronychium or nail bed. This condition has been found solely in shoe-wearing cultures and doesn’t occur in routinely barefoot folks since it needs downward pressure on the nail by a shoe.
The abnormal extension of the toenail pushes into the nearby skin causing discomfort. Normally, toenail growth has to be vertical or outward toward the tip of the toe. In medical ingrown toenail is named as onychocryptosis.
Symptoms of ingrown toenails are uncomfortable, often painful, nail folds with various degrees of redness, clear or yellow drainage and sometimes swelling. Repeatedly, ingrown toenails resolve without medical treatment. And complicated cases may require treatment by a physician.
Risk Factors for ingrown toenail
- Athletic adolescents and children
- Tight or narrow shoes (poorly fitted shoes)
- Repeat injury or trauma to feet
- Poor foot hygiene
- Poor posture and gait
- Congenital foot deformity
- Congenital toenail malformation
- Very long toes
- Naturally short nails
- Toenail infections
- Fungal nail disease
- Prior nail surgery
- Abnormal nail growths
- Excessive foot sweating
The treatment to an ingrown toenail depends on how severe it is.
In conservative treatment with warm water and salt soaks, antibacterial ointment and using a gutter splint or dental floss to provide a track along which the nail may grow is possible. If conservative treatment to a minor ingrown toenail fails then surgical treatment may be required.
If the ingrown toenail recurs despite this treatment, destruction of the side nail bed with anesthesia and proper equipment is recommended. Topical antibiotics may be used post procedure but oral antibiotics are not recommended as they may delay healing.
Nail braces is an ingrown nail treatment, work by gently lifting the sides of the toenail and eventually retraining the nail to grow to a flatter shape over time. The maximum time needed for the nail to be reshaped is one full nail growth or about 1 and 1/2 years. Adhesive and hooked are two main types of nail braces.
With No Cutting, Home remedy
You need to have a tiger balm, betadine solution, salt water and a plaster
1. White Tiger Balm
2. Betadine solution, or use salt water
3. A plaster
- First apply betadine solution to the ingrown toenail, let it be there until dry, say around 2 minutes.
- Wash it with Luke warm salt water after 5 minutes.
- Now, apply tiger balm until the area around in the ingrown bit is covered
- just put a plaster around it
- Do this morning after you wake up and at night before bed for 2 weeks and the nail with grow out.